CZAR


CZAR
CZAR
in Ruthenico idiomate, Regem: Czarstuo vero Regnum fignisicat: et hôc nomine Moscovitae Principem suum Regem totius Russiae appellant. Ceteri autem Sclavones, utpote Poloni, Bohemi, Lithuani aliique, qui ab idiomate Ruthenico recedunt, aliô nomine Regem appellant, scil. Krol, alii Korol et Kral. Hôc vero nomine Kzar solum Imperatorem appellari existimant. Unde et Rutheni ipsi et Mosci, audientes ab exrernis nationibus Imperatorem hôc nomine designari, et ipsi Principem suum Russiae Imperatorem appellare coeperunt, nomen Czar dignius esse, quam Regis, hcet idem sonet, putantes. Verum in omnibus Ruthenorum tam sacris quam profanis literis, Czar Regis, Kezar vero Imperatoris nomen repraesentat. Sic quoque Rex Tauricae Tartarus, Praecopensis Cyar i. e. Rex nuncupatur, omnesque Tartarorum Reges non aliâ appellatione gaudent. Sed plurimi ignorantiâ nominis decepti, omnes Reges hôc nomine insignitos Caesares, atque adeo Imperatores esse existimant. Alii quoque Principem Moscoviae album Caesarem, praecipue vero subditi sui appellant, i. e. Regem vel Imperatorem Russiae Albae; quemadmodum ea Russia, quae Polonorum subest Regi, Nigrae nomine venit. Alii ideo Moscorum Prmcipem Regem Album dici volunt, quod incolae ommum regionum, ipsius imperio subiectarum, vestibus et pileis albis ut plurimum utantur, Guaguinus in descript. Moscoviae. Becmannus tamen non dubitat, quin ad Caesarei nominis imitationem vocem hanc Russiae Principes affectaverint, qui et Aquilam, Imperii insigne, suis insignibus inseruerunt. Primus Czarii titulum assumpsit Basilius, fil. Iohannis Basilidis, qui universae Russiae Principem se primus appellavit, Magni nomen ob id fortitus, et Tartarorum iugum, a quibus Maiores ipsius ius et inaugurationem totis 200 et amplius annis petierant, instinctu Sophiae coniugis excussit, mortuus A. C. 1492. Horum filius, praefatus Basilius, ante Imperium Gabriel vocatus, post Smolenscensem Principatum et quicquid Siberiensis ditionis supererat, Imperio adiectum, Czar dici voluit. Eius successor Iohannes Basilides Casanensi et Astracanensi regnis imperiô auctô, mortuus A. C. 1584. successorem habuit filium Theodorum, quem defunctum A. C. 1597. excepit Borislaus
Gudenow, Iohannis olim Marescallus. Hinc post varias Pseudo-Demetriorum turbas, electosque Basilium Zuskium, Uladislaum Poloniae Principem et Carolum Philippum, Gustavi Adolphi Succias Regis fratrem, sed reiectos, iterum A. C. 1613. Michael Federowitz, e familia Iohannis Basilidis Czar factus est, cui A. C. 1645. demortuo successit filius Alexius Michalowitz, haud pridem mortuus. Vide Scriptores rerum Moscoviticarum, qui unô volum. in fol. prodierunt A. C. 1600. Sigism. Bar. ab Herberstein; Olearium, Itiner. Petr. Perreium, Chron. rerum Moscov. Matthiam Michovium, Sarmatiae Part. 2. Aegidium Fletcherum Anglum, de rebus Russicis, etc.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

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  • czar — czar …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • czar — czar; czar·das; czar·dom; czar·e·vitch; czar·ish; czar·ism; czar·ist; czar·is·tic; …   English syllables

  • czar — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. czarze, zwykle w lm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} zjawisko niewytłumaczalne, zadziwiające, przypisywane działaniu sił nadprzyrodzonych, także według dawnych pogańskich wierzeń obrzędy, zaklęcia itp. mające takie… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • czar — → tsar czar n. m. V. tsar. csar ou czar [ksaʀ] n. m. ⇒ Tsar. czar [tzaʀ], czarevitch [tsaʀevitʃ] …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • czar — (z[ a]r), n. [Russ. tsare, fr. L. Caesar C[ae]sar; cf. OPol. czar, Pol. car. ] A king; a chief; the title of the emperor of Russia. [Written also {tsar} and {tzar}.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Czar — Czar, seit der Mitte des 16. Jahrhunderts der Titel der Beherrscher von Rußland, den jedoch Peter der Große mit dem eines Kaisers vertauschte. Die Benennung rührt nach einer allgemein verbreiteten Annahme von dem lateinischen Worte Cäsar, aus dem …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • czar — [za: US za:r] n [Date: 1500 1600; : Russian; Origin: tsar , from Gothic kaisar emperor , from Greek, from Latin Caesar, from Julius Caesar; CESAREAN] 1.) another spelling of ↑tsar 2.) banking/drug/health etc czar …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • czar — 1550s, from Rus. tsar, from Old Slavic tsesari, from Gothic kaisar, from Gk. kaisar, from L. CAESAR (Cf. Caesar). First adopted by Russian emperor Ivan IV, 1547. The spelling with cz is against the usage of all Slavonic languages; the word was so …   Etymology dictionary

  • czar — s. m. Título do soberano russo (no tempo do império). = TSAR   ‣ Etimologia: francês czar, do russo tsar …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • czar — [zär] n. [Russ tsar , contr. of tsesar < OSlav cēsarĭ; prob. via Goth kaisar < L Caesar: see CAESAR2 (Gaius) Julius] 1. an emperor: title of any of the former emperors of Russia and, at various times, the sovereigns of other Slavic nations… …   English World dictionary